*

Karst Geomorphology and Hydrogeology,
Principal References


Based upon original printed compilations by Ernst H. Kastning, Associate Professor of Geology, Radford University. Additional revsions and HTML programming by Ira Sasowsky and Paula Dungjen, Dept. of Geology, University of Akron.

INTRODUCTION

This bibliography provides a handy list of some important, standard references on karst and cave geology. Most works are in English, and this is not an exhaustive bibliography on the subject; however, it serves as a key to works that in turn lead the researcher to additional material. The intent is to provide a selected list of primary sources to those who are relatively unfamiliar with karst research. This edition contains 124 citations and 6 journals.

Listings such as this one are inherently biased due to the background of the persons who compile them. Undoubtably many worthy publications have not been placed on this list. For this, we apologize, and hope that the presented list will be of use to those who view it.

The bibliography is arranged as follows:

  1. Textbooks on karst and speleology -- Monographs that introduce the principles of karstic landform development, the origin of caves, and the geomorphic, hydrologic, and geochemical processes of karst. Emphasis is placed on texts originally written in the English language or on foreign language books translated into English.

  2. Glossaries of karst terminology -- Dictionaries, lexicons, and other works that define terms applied to karstic features and processes. Several of these references list equivalent terms in several languages.

  3. Bibliographies and indices of karst literature -- Detailed bibliographic compilations and indices. These constitute the sources necessary to access the bulk of the karst literature, particularly the thousands of papers in journals, other serial publications, symposia proceedings, theses, and the like.

  4. Gazetteers, atlases, and maps -- Sources that place karst and caves in geographic context.

  5. Proceedings volumes and collected papers -- Significant monographs containing papers from conferences, meetings, and symposia that specifically address karstic phenomena. Principal English language volumes are incorporated in this listing.

  6. Classical papers on cavern development and karst -- References that are regarded as benchmark papers in the development of speleogenetic theory. These are frequently cited in subsequent papers on the subject.

  7. Reviews on cave origin and karst -- Papers that summarize, critique, and/or synthesize the cave or karst literature and provide an historical perspective to the development of speleology.

  8. Modern approaches and principles of cavern development -- A selected list of papers that, as a whole, typify current views on speleogenesis. Several of the papers discuss caves at specific locations or regions, but their inclusion herein reflects that they have a much broader application and are now considered as key references on speleology.

  9. Journals on karst and speleology -- A list of journals that regularly contain technical papers on karst, specialize in karst, or serve as newsletters or reviews on karst research.


TEXTBOOKS ON KARST AND SPELEOLOGY

  1. Bleahu, Marcian D., 1974, Morfologia Carstica (in Rumanian, untranslated): Conditionarea Geologica si Geografica a Procesului de Carstificare: Editura Stiintifica, Bucharest, Romania, 590 p.
  2. Bögli, Alfred, 1980, Karst Hydrology and Physical Speleology (translated from the German by June C. Schmid): Springer-Verlag, New York, 284 p.
  3. Bonacci, Ognjen, 1987, Karst Hydrology: With Special Reference to the Dinaric Karst (translated from the Yugoslavian) (Springer Series in Physical Environment 2): Springer-Verlag, New York, 184 p.
  4. Burger, Andră and Dubertret, Louis, 1984, Hydrogeology of karstic terrains: Case histories: International Association of Hydrogeologists, International Contributions to Hydrogeology, v. 1, 264 p.
  5. Dreybrodt, Wolfgang, 1988, Processes in Karst Systems Physics, Chemistry and Geology: (Springer Series in Physical Environment 4): Springer-Verlag, New York, 288 p.
  6. Ford, Trevor D. and Cullingford, C. H. D. (editors), 1976, The Science of Speleology: Academic Press, New York, 593 p.
  7. Ford, Derek C. and Williams, Paul, 1989, Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology: Unwin Hyman, Winchester, Massachusetts, 320 p.
  8. Gams, Ivan, 1974, Kras (Karst, in Yugoslavian, untranslated): Izdala Slovenska Matica, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 359 p.
  9. Herak, M. and Stringfield, Victor T. (editors), 1972, Karst: Important Karst Regions of the Northern Hemisphere: Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, 551 p.
  10. Hill, Carol A. and Forti, Paolo, 1986, Cave Minerals of the World: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, 238 p.
  11. Jakucs, Laszlo, 1977, Morphogenetics of Karst Regions: Variants of Karst Evolution (translated from the Hungarian): Halstead Press, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 284 p.
  12. Jennings, Joseph N., 1971, Karst: M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 252 p.
  13. Jennings, Joseph N., 1985, Karst Geomorphology (revised and expanded edition of Jennings, 1971): Basil Blackwell, Oxford and New York, 293 p.
  14. Maksimovich, G. A., 1963, Osnovy Karstovedeniya, T. 1, Voprosy Morfologii Karsta Speleologii i Gidrogeologii Karsta (Principles of Karst Science, v. 1, Questions of Karst Morphology, Speleology, and Karst Hydrogeology, in Russian, untranslated): Permske Knizhoe, Izdat, Perm, 445 p.
  15. Maksimovich, G. A., 1969, Principles of Karst Science, v. 2, Questions of Karst Hydrogeology, Rivers and Lakes of Karst Regions, Karst of Chalk, Hydrothermokarst: Permske Knizhoe, Izdat, Perm, 530 p.
  16. Mijatov░c, Borivoje F., 1984, Hydrogeology of the Dinaric karst: International Association of Hydrogeologists, International Contributions of Hydrogeology, v. 4, 254 p.
  17. Milanovic, Petar T., 1981, Karst Hydrogeology (translated from the Yugoslavian by J. J. Buhac): Water Resources Publications, Littleton, Colorado, 434 p.
  18. Moore, George W. and Sullivan, G. Nicholas, 1979, Speleology, the Study of Caves (second edition): Zephrus Press, 150 p.
  19. Onac, B. P. 2000: Geology of karst terrains. Ed. Didactica si Pedagogica, Bucuresti, 400 pp. (in Romanian with extended English abstracts after each chapter)
  20. Sweeting, Marjorie M., 1973, Karst Landforms, Columbia University Press, New York, 362 p.
  21. Trimmel, Hubert, 1968, H"hlenkunde (Cave Science, in German, untranslated): Friedr, Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig, 300 p.
  22. Trudgill, Stephen, 1985, Limestone Geomorphology (Geomorphology Texts, No. 8), Longman, London and New York, 196 p.
  23. Trudgill, Stephen (editor), 1986, Solute Processes: John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, Great Britain, 512 p.
  24. White, William B., 1988, Geomorphology and Hydrology of Karst Terrains, Oxford University Press, New York, 464 p.
  25. Zotl, Joseph G., 1974, Karsthydrogeologie (Hydrogeology of Karst, in German, untranslated): Springer-Verlag, Vienna, Austria, 291 p.

GLOSSARIES OF KARST TERMINOLOGY

  1. Addison, K., 1973, Selected glossary, in Sweeting, Marjorie M., Karst Landforms: Columbia University Press, New York, p. 332-335.
  2. Bates, Robert L. and Jackson, Julia A. (editors), 1987, Glossary of Geology (third edition): American Geological Institute, Alexandria, Virginia, 788 p.
  3. Fănelon, Paul, 1968, Vocabulaire Francais des phenomenes karstiques, in Fănelon, P. (editor), Phenomenes karstiques: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Memoires et Documents, v. 4, p. 13-68.
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1972, Glossary and Multilingual Equivalents of Karst Terms, First Preliminary Edition: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, 72 p.
  5. Gams, Ivan, 1973, Slovenska Kraska Terminologija (Slovene Karst Terminology): Kraska Termonologija Jugoslovanskih Narodov, Ljubljana, Yogoslavia, v. 1, 77 p.
  6. Monroe, Watson H., 1970, A glossary of karst terminology: United States Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1899-K, 26 p.
  7. Muma, Martin H. and Muma, Katherine E., 1944, A glossary of speleology: Bulletin of the National Speleological Society, v. 6, p. 1-10.
  8. Paloc, Henri, 1975, Glossaire d'hydrogeologie du karst, in Burger, A. and Dubertret, L. (editors), Hydrogeology of karstic terrains: International Union of Geological Sciences, Series B., no. 3, p. 151-186.
  9. Trimmel, Hubert (editor), 1965, SpelĐologisches Fachw"rterbuch: Landesverein f┼r Hohlenkunde in Wien und Nieder"sterreich, 112 p.
  10. White, William B., 1986, Geological terms used in caving: National Speleological Society Caving Information Series no. GEO 8601, 4 p.

BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND INDICES OF KARST LITERATURE

  1. British Cave Research Association, 1969 to 1995?, Current Titles in Speleology, British Cave Research Association. Annual index of speleological literature. Includes many small-circulation newsletters. Joined with Speleological Abstracts circa 1995.
  2. Huppert, George N., 1988, Cave and karst related theses in United States and Canadian universities: 1899-1988: Cave Geology, v. 2, no. 1, p. 1-82.
  3. International Union of Speleology, 1962 to present, Speleological Abstracts (Bulletin Bibliographique Spéléologique), International Union of Speleology. Annotated annual index of the international speleological literature. Includes many small-circulation newsletters. Available in annual printed volumes or on CD-ROM. Recent abstracts available on the WWW
  4. Klimack, William, 1988, State geological survey publications: National Speleological Society Caving Information Series, no. 41, 23 p.
  5. LaMoreaux, Philip E.; Raymond, Dorothy; and Joiner, Thomas J., 1970, Hydrology of limestone terranes: Annotated bibliography of carbonate rocks (volume 1): Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin no. 94, part A, 242 p.
  6. LaMoreaux, Philip E.; LeGrand, Harry E.; Stringfield, Victor T.; Tolson, Janyth S.: Warren, William M.; and Moore, James D., 1975, Hydrology of limestone terranes: Annotated bibliography of carbonate rocks (volume 2): Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin no. 94, part E, 168 p.
  7. LaMoreaux, Philip E. (editor-in-chief); Tanner, J. Mark; and ShoreDavis, P., 1986, Hydrology of limestone terranes: Annotated bibliography of carbonate rocks (volume 3): International Association of Hydrogeologists, International Contributions to Hydrogeology, v. 2, 341 p.
  8. Sasowsky, Ira D., 1986, Cumulative Index for the National Speleological Society Bulletin, Volumes 1 through 45, and Occasional Papers of the N.S.S., Numbers 1 through 4: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, 200 p.
  9. Sasowsky, Ira D., 1991, Index to volumes 46 through 50 of the National Speleological Society Bulletin: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, 64 p.
  10. Sasowsky, Ira D. and Wheeland, Keith D., 1991, Speleo Digest 25-year cumulative index, 1956 through 1980: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, 64 p.
  11. Trudgill, Stephen T. and Brack, E. Verity (editors), 1977, A Bibliography of British Karst: Geo Abstracts, Norwich, England, 33 p.
  12. White, William B. and White, Elizabeth L., 1984, Cave and karst-related papers in the mainstream scientific literature: A bibliography: Cave Geology, v. 1, no. 9, p. 291-392.

GAZETTEERS, ATLASES, AND MAPS

  1. Courbon,Paul, Chabert, Claude, Bosted, Peter, and Lindsley, Karen, 1989, Atlas of the Great Caves of the World, Cave Books, St. Louis, 369 p.
  2. Davies, William E., 1970, Karstlands, in United States Geological Survey, National Atlas of the United States of America, sheet 77.
  3. Middleton, John and Waltham, Anthony, 1986, The Underground Atlas: A Gazzetteer of the World's Cave Regions: Robert Hale, Ltd., London, 239 p.

PROCEEDINGS VOLUMES AND COLLECTED PAPERS

  1. Beck, Barry F. (editor), 1984, Sinkholes: Their Geology, Engineering and Environmental Impact: Proceedings of the First Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes, Orlando, Florida, 15-17 October 1984: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Boston, 429 p.
  2. Beck, Barry F. and Wilson, William L. (editors), 1987, Karst Hydrogeology: Engineering and Environmental Applications: Proceedings of the Second Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Environmental Impacts of Karsts, Orlando, Florida, 9-11 February 1987: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Boston, 467 p.
  3. Beck, Barry F. (editor), 1989, Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Sinkholes and Karst: Proceedings of the Third Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, 2-4 October 1989: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Brookfield, Massachusetts, 384 p.
  4. Beck, Barry F. (editor), 1993, Applied Karst Geology: Proceedings of the Fifth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, 2-5 April 1995: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Brookfield, Massachusetts, 581 p.
  5. Beck, Barry F. (editor), 1995, Karst Geohazartds: Proceedings of the Fourth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Panama City, Florida, 25-27 January 1993: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Brookfield, Massachusetts, 295 p.
  6. Beck, Barry F., and Spephenson, J. Brad, (editors), 1997, The Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology of Karst Terranes: Proceedings of the Sixth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Springfield, Missouri, 6-9 April 1997: A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam and Brookfield, Massachusetts, 516 p.
  7. Burger, Andră and Dubertret, Louis (editors), 1975, Hydrogeology of Karstic Terrains: International Union of Geological Sciences, Series B, Number 3, International Association of Hydrogeologists, Paris, France, 190 p.
  8. Dilamarter, Ronald R. and Csallany, Sandor C. (editors), 1977, Hydrologic Problems in Karst Regions: Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky, 481 p.
  9. Dougherty, Percy H. (editor), 1983, Environmental Karst (papers from karst symposium at the Association of American Geographers meeting, Louisville, Kentucky, April 1980): GeoSpeleo Publications, Cincinnati, Ohio, 167 p.
  10. Gillieson, David and Smith, David Ingle (editors), 1989, Resource management in limestone landscapes: International perspectives: Proceedings of the International Geographical Union Study Group, 'Man's Impact on Karst,' Sydney, 15-21 August 1988: Special Publication No. 2, Department of Geography and Oceanography, University College, The University Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia, 260 p.
  11. Gospodaric, R. and Habic, P. (editors), 1976, Underground Water Tracing, Investigations in Slovenia 1972-1975: Proceedings of the Third International Symposium of Underground Water Tracing, Ljubljana-Bled 1976, Yugoslavia: Institute for Karst Research, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 309 p. plus 2 plates.
  12. James, Noel P. and Choquette, Philip W. (editors), 1988, Paleokarst, Springer-Verlag, New York, 416 p.
  13. Kastning, Ernst H. and Kastning, Karen M. (editors), 1991, Appalachian Karst: Proceedings of the Appalachian Karst Symposium, Radford, Virginia, March 23-26, 1991: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, 239 p.
  14. LaFleur, Robert G. (editor), 1984, Groundwater as a Geomorphic Agent (Proceedings of the Binghamton Symposia in Geomorphology: International Series, no. 13): Allen and Unwin, Boston, 390 p.
  15. LaMoreaux, Philip E.; Wilson, B. M.; and Memon, B. A. (editors), 1984, Guide to the hydrology of carbonate rocks: UNESCO Studies and Reports in Hydrology, no. 41, 345 p.
  16. National Water Well Association, 1986, Proceedings of the Environmental Problems in Karts Terranes and Their Solutions Conference, October 28-30, 1986, Bowling Green, Kentucky: National Water Well Association, Dublin, Ohio, 525 p.
  17. National Water Well Association, 1988, Proceedings of the Second Environmental Problems in Karst Terranes and Their Solutions Conference, Nashville, Tennessee: National Water Well Association, Dublin, Ohio.
  18. Quinlan, James, F. and Stanley, A. (editors), 1991, Proceedings of the Third Conference on Hydrogeology, Ecology, Monitoring, and Management of Ground Water in Karst Terranes, December 4-6, 1991: Ground Water Management Series, Book 10, National Ground Water Association, Dublin, Ohio, 793 p.
  19. Rauch, Henry W. and Werner, Eberhard (editors), 1974, Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Karst Geology and Hydrology, May 3, 4, 5, 1974: West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, Morgantown, West Virginia, 187 p.
  20. Sauro, U; Bondesan A.; and Meneghel, M. (editors), 1991, Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Changes in Karst Areas (I.C.E.C.K.A.), Italy, September 15th-27th 1991: Quadernš del Dipartimento di Geografia, No. 13, UniversitÍ degli Studi di Padova, Padova, Italy, 414 p.
  21. Tolson, Janyth S. and Doyle, F. L. (editors), 1977, Karst Hydrogeology: The University of Alabama in Huntsville Press, Huntsville, Alabama, 578 p.
  22. Williams, Paul W. (editor), 1993, Karst terrains: Environmental changes and human impact: Catena Supplement 25, Catena Verlag, Cremlingen-Destedt, Germany, 268 p.
  23. Yevjevich, Vujica (editor), 1976, Karst Hydrology and Water Resources: Proceedings of the U.S.-Yugoslavian Symposium, Dubrovnik, June 1975: Water Resources Publications, Fort Collins, Colorado, v. 1, p. 1-440; v. 2, p. 441-873.
  24. Yevjevich, Vujica (editor), 1981, Karst Water Research Needs: Water Resources Publications, Littleton, Colorado, 266 p.

CLASSICAL PAPERS ON CAVERN DEVELOPMENT AND KARST

  1. Bretz, J Harlen, 1942, Vadose and phreatic features of limestone caverns: Journal of Geology, v. 50, no. 6, Part II, p. 675-811.
  2. Bretz, J Harlen, 1954, Caves of phreatic origin: Scientia, v. 89, p. 13-18.
  3. Davis, William M., 1930, Origin of limestone caverns: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 41, no. 3, p. 475-628.
  4. Gardner, James H., 1935, Origin and development of limestone caverns: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 46, no. 8, p. 1255-1274.
  5. Malott, Clyde A., 1937, Invasion theory of cavern development: Proceedings of the Geological Society of America for 1936, p. 323.
  6. Piper, Arthur M., 1932, Ground water in north-central Tennessee: United States Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper, 640, 238 p.
  7. Rhoades, Roger and Sinacori, M. N., 1941, Patterns of ground water flow and solution: Journal of Geology, v. 49, p. 785-794.
  8. Swinnerton, Allyn C., 1932, Origin of limestone caves: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 43, no. 3, p. 663-693.
  9. Swinnerton, Allyn C., 1942, Hydrology of limestone terranes, in Meinzer, O. E. (editor), Physics of the Earth: Volume X, Hydrology: McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, p. 656-677.

REVIEWS ON CAVE ORIGIN AND KARST

  1. Davies, William E., 1966, The earth sciences and speleology: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 28, p. 1-14.
  2. Davies, William E., 1968, The earth sciences and speleology: Reply: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 30, p. 93.
  3. Halliday, William R., 1960, Changing concepts of speleogenesis: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 22, p. 23-29.
  4. Kastning, Ernst H., 1981, Pioneers of North American cave and karst science prior to 1930, in Beck, B. F. (editor), Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Speleology, Bowling Green, Kentucky, July 18 to 24, 1981: National Speleological Society, Huntsville, Alabama, v. 1, p. 247-249.
  5. LaMoreaux, Philip E., 1994, History of Karst Studies: The Professional Geologist, v. 31, no. 9, p. 9-11.
  6. LaMoreaux, Philip E.; LeGrand, Harry E.; and Stringfield, Victor T., 1975a, Progress of knowledge about hydrology of carbonate terranes, in Burger, A. and Dubertret, L., Hydrogeology of Karstic Terrains: International Union of Geological Sciences, Series B, no. 3, p. 41-52 (Reprinted as Geological Survey of Alabama, Reprint Series 37).
  7. LaMoreaux, Philip E.; LeGrand, Harry E.; Stringfield, Victor T.; and Tolson, Janyth S., 1975b, Progress of knowledge about hydrology of carbonate terranes, in Hydrology of Limestone Terranes: Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin 94, part E, p. 1-27.
  8. LeGrand, Harry E. and Stringfield, Victor T., 1973, Karst hydrology - A review: Journal of Hydrology, v. 20, p. 97-120.
  9. Moore, George W., 1960, Introduction to the origin of limestone caves: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 22, p. 3-4.
  10. Powell, Richard L., 1975, Theories of the development of karst topography, in Melhorn, W. N. and Flemal, R. C. (editors), Theories of Landform Development: Publication in Geomorphology, Binghamton, New York, p. 217-242.
  11. Quinlan, James F., Jr., 1968, The earth sciences and speleology: Discussion: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v.30, p. 87-92.
  12. Quinlan, James F., Jr., 1978, Types of karst, with emphasis on cover beds in their classification and development: Ph.D. dissertation (unpublished), University of Texas at Austin, 342 p.
  13. Shaw, Trevor R., 1979, History of Cave Science - The Scientific Investigation of Limestone Caves, to 1900: Anne Oldham, Crymych, Wales, v. 1, p. 1-394; v. 2, p. 395-490, plus 88 figures.
  14. Stringfield, Victor T. and LeGrand, Harry E., 1969, Hydrology of carbonate rock terranes - A review with special reference to the United States: Journal of Hydrology, v. 8, p. 349-417.
  15. Sweeting, Marjorie M. (editor), 1981, Karst Geomorphology: Benchmark Papers in Geology, v. 59: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, 448 p.
  16. Watson, Richard A. and White, William B., 1985, The history of American theories of cave origin, Geological Society of America Centennial Special Volume, 1, p. 109-123.
  17. White, William B., 1959, Speleogenesis: Netherworld News, v. 6, no. 12, p. 273-289; v. 7, no. 1, p. 6-26 (reprinted in Speleo Digest - 1959: Pittsburgh Grotto Press, National Speleological Society, Pittsburgh, p. 2.1-2.34).
  18. White, William B., 1987, Introduction to speleogenesis: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 49, no. 2, p. 29-30.

MODERN APPROACHES AND PRINCIPLES OF CAVERN DEVELOPMENT

  1. Bedinger, M. S., 1966, Electric-analog study of cave formation: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 28, no. 3, p. 127-132.
  2. Davies, William E., 1960, Origin of caves in folded limestone: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 22, no. 1, p. 5-18.
  3. DeSaussure, Raymond, 1963, The general formation and development of limestone caves: Caves and Karst, v. 5, p. 1-5.
  4. Dreybrodt, Wolfgang, 1987, The kinetics of calcite dissolution and its consequences to karst evolution from the initial to the mature state: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 49, no. 2, p. 31-49.
  5. Ford, Derek C., 1965, The origin of limestone caverns: A model from the central Mendip Hills, England: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 21, no. 1, p. 109-132.
  6. Ford, Derek C., 1971, Geologic structure and a new explanation of limestone cavern genesis: Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain, v. 13, p. 81-94.
  7. Ford, Derek C., 1977, Genetic classification of solutional cave systems, in Ford, T. D. (editor), Proceedings of the Seventh International Speleological Congress, Sheffield, England, 1977: British Cave Research Association, Somerset, England, p. 189-192.
  8. Ford, Derek C., 1980, Threshold and limit effects in karst geomorphology, in Coates, D. R. and Vitek, J. D. (editors), Thresholds in Geomorphology: Allen and Unwin, Winchester, Massachusetts, p. 345-362.
  9. Ford, Derek C., 1988, Characteristics of dissolutional cave systems in carbonate rocks, in James, Noel P. and Choquette, Philip W. (editors), Paleokarst: Springer-Verlag, New York, p. 25-57.
  10. Ford, Derek C. and Ewers, Ralph O., 1978, The development of limestone cave systems in the dimensions of length and depth: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 15, p. 1783-1798.
  11. Hill, Carol A., 1987, Geology of Carlsbad Cavern and other caves in the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico and Texas: New Mexico Bureau of Mones and Mineral Resources Bulletin, No. 117, 150 p.
  12. Hill, Carol A., 1990, Sulfuric acid speleogenesis of Carlsbad Cavern and its relationship to hydrocarbons, Delaware Basin, New Mexico and Texas: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, no. 11, p. 1685-1694.
  13. Howard, Alan D., 1963, The development of karst features: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 25, no. 2, p. 45-65.
  14. Howard, Alan D., 1964, Process of limestone cave development: International Journal of Speleology, v. 1, p. 47-60.
  15. Howard, Alan D., 1964, A model for cavern development under artesian ground water flow, with special reference to the Black Hills: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 26, no. 1, p. 7-16.
  16. Miotke, Franz-Dieter and Palmer, Arthur N., 1972, Genetic Relationship Between Caves and Landforms in the Mammoth Cave National Park Area: Technischen UniversitĐt Hannover, Geographischen Institut, Hanover, Germany, 69 p.
  17. Palmer, Arthur N., 1972, Dynamics of a sinking stream system: Onesquethaw Cave, New York: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 34, no. 3, p. 89-110, plus 1 plate.
  18. Palmer, Arthur N., 1975, The origin of maze caves: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 37, no. 3, p. 57-76.
  19. Palmer, Arthur N., 1981, A Geological Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park, Zephyrus Press, Teaneck, New jersey, 196 p.
  20. Palmer, Arthur N., 1984, Recent trends in karst geomorphology: Journal of Geological Education, v. 32, no. 4, p. 247-253.
  21. Palmer, Arthur N., 1987, Cave levels and their interpretation: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 49, no. 2, p. 50-66.
  22. Palmer, Arthur N., 1991, Origin and morphology of limestone caves: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 103, no. 1, p. 1-21.
  23. Thrailkill, John V., 1968, Chemical and hydrologic factors in the excavation of limestone caves: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 79, no. 1, p. 19-46.
  24. Waltham, Anthony C., 1971, Controlling factors in the development of caves: Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain, v. 13, p. 73-80.
  25. Warwick, Gordon T., 1962, The origin of limestone caverns, in Cullingford, C. H. D. (editor), British Caving (second edition): Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, p. 55-85.
  26. White, William B., 1960, Terminations of passages in Appalachian caves as evidence for a shallow phreatic origin: National Speleological Society of America Bulletin, v. 22, no. 1, p. 43-53.
  27. White, William B., 1969, Conceptual models for carbonate aquifers: Ground Water, v. 7, p. 15-21.
  28. White, William B., 1976, The geology of caves, in White, W. B., Geology and biology of Pennsylvania caves: Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Fourth Series, General Geology Report 66, p. 1-71.
  29. White, William B., 1977, Conceptual models for carbonate aquifers: Revisited, in Dilamarter, R. R. and Csallany, S. C. (editors), Hydrologic Problems in Karst Regions: Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky, p. 176-187.
  30. White, William B. and White Elizabeth L. (editors), 1989, Karst Hydrology: Concepts from the Mammoth Cave Area: Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 288 p.
  31. Woodward, Herbert P., 1961, A stream piracy theory of cave formation: National Speleological Society Bulletin, v. 23, no. 2, p. 39-58.

JOURNALS ON KARST AND SPELEOLOGY

  1. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, (formerly the NSS Bulletin) published by the National Speleological Society, 1940 to present.
  2. Cave and Karst Science, Transactions of the British Cave Research Association (previously entitled Cave Science and Transactions of the Cave Research Group).
  3. Helictite - Journal of Australasian Cave Research, published by Speleological Research Council, Ltd., 1962 to present.
  4. N.S.S. News, published by the National Speleological Society, 1943 to present.
  5. Caves and Karst, (formerly Cave Notes). Published by Cave Research Associates, 1959 to 1973.
  6. Geo2, published by the National Speleological Society Geology and Geography Section, 1968 to present.

For additional information write to:

Karst Waters Institute, Inc.
PO Box 490
Charles Town, West Virginia 25414

or
Dr. Ira Sasowsky
KWI Vice President for Communications
Dept. of Geology
University of Akron
Akron, Ohio 44325-4101
Phone (330) 972-5389
Fax (330) 972-7611
Email ids@uakron.edu

Last updated July 29, 1997, ids@uakron.edu

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